While several European countries are strict when it comes to gambling, Italy is quite a liberal country. Gambling is allowed, and has been part of the Italian culture since the times of the Roman empire. There are land casinos as well as online casino operators.
Both local and international operators are allowed to set up shop in Italy. All gambling licensing, regulation, and law enforcement is under the national government through Agenzia Delle Dogane e Dei Monopoli, abbreviated as AAMS. The licenses are based on the products offered, and infringement of the laws attract criminal trial, fines, and even imprisonment.